How Heart Disease and Oral Health Are Connected

Many have likely heard from their dentist or others how oral health is essential for one’s overall health, with it being impossible for one to be totally isolated from the other. As of recent calculations, over 80 percent of Americans live with periodontal disease, with many usually never receiving a formal diagnosis.

This could be because a patient’s teeth might feel fine, thus he or she avoids the dentist, and doctor’s visits are rarely focused on a patient’s oral health. However, patients may be surprised to learn there could be a couple of links between heart disease and oral health.

For instance, recent studies indicate that if someone has mild or advanced gum disease, he or she has a greater chance of developing heart disease compared to someone who has healthy gums. As well, oral health can provide warning signs for doctors on a variety of conditions and diseases, such as those involving the heart.

How are They Related?

Heart disease and oral health are connected due to bacteria as well as other germs spreading from the mouth to different parts of the body through the bloodstream. If they spread to the heart, these bacteria could attach to any area with damage, thereby causing inflammation.

This could lead to illnesses like endocarditis, which is an infection of the heart’s inner lining. As well, other conditions like stroke or clogged arteries (atherosclerosis) have been linked with inflammation that is caused by bacteria of the mouth.

Which Patients are at Risk?

Individuals with long-term gum conditions-gingivitis, advanced periodontal disease-are the most prone to heart disease brought on by oral health, especially if it continues to be unmanaged or undiagnosed. The bacteria from gum infections can pass into the bloodstream and attach to blood vessels, thereby increasing one’s risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

However, even without clear gum inflammation, poor oral hygiene in and of itself has the risk of causing gum disease, the bacteria of which could also get into the bloodstream and cause raised C-reactive protein-a sign of inflammation within blood vessels, which increases the risk of developing heart disease and even stroke.

Symptoms

To prevent the risk of heart disease, patients can start by avoiding the onset of gum disease. Some common symptoms include the following:

  • Swollen, red gums that are sore to touch
  • Bleeding gums during eating, brushing, or flossing
  • Pus and other symptoms of infection around the teeth and gums
  • Receded gums
  • Bad breath (halitosis) or a bad taste
  • Teeth that feel loose or like they’re moving away from other teeth

Preventative Measures

Regular dental exams and good oral hygiene are the best ways of protecting yourself from developing gum disease. This includes brushing twice per day using a soft-bristled toothbrush and a fluoride toothpaste as well as flossing at least once daily.

Know the Details About a Cocaine Heart Attack and All Related Things

Cardiac arrest is the most popular name for a disruption of the regular availability of blood flowing to any given portion of the heart muscle; physicians and scientists refer to the condition more formally as a myocardial infarction. Without its required availability of oxygen-bearing blood, the heart muscular will die off easily, producing a situation that can cause serious heart damage or rapid death. Those who use cocaine build a variety of issues in their regular cardiovascular (heart and blood vessel) health that contributes greatly to their heart attack risks. These issues occur in the aftermath of both short- and long-term cocaine use and affect even casual customers of the drug.

Cocaine is a hunger controller and powerful stimulant drug that comes from the coca plant, from which it derives its name. It is used for a variety of instantaneous results that it makes, including delusions of supremacy, euphoria, improved energy, and performance. As these results wear off, uneasiness, pressure, and paranoia can set in, as well as higher body temperatures, an elevated pulse rate and blood pressure levels, and difficulty breathing. The increase in blood pressure levels alone can cause cardiac arrest in some cases; however, it can also cause unequal heart beat, the issue known as arrhythmia, which can also be deadly. Long-term usage of cocaine can not only cause to habit but also dehydration and a dry mouth, which can cause to damage being done to the teeth. Kidney failure, autoimmune illnesses like lupus, and heart attacks are other risks that come with the prolonged use of cocaine. Cocaine is especially damaging to the heart because it carries with it the possibility of occasional small heart attacks, plus it interferes with cocaine such as try out blockers that physicians use to treat heart attacks.

Cocaine’s Effects on the Heart

Cocaine use triggers a significant boost in the body’s availability of a chemical known as norepinephrine, which acts as a neurotransmitter and boosts the frequency of certain types of communication between nerve cells known as nerves. Specifically, norepinephrine generates improving levels of activity in the nerves of a process known as the supportive neurological system, which divisions throughout the body and helps provide unconscious control of the heart muscle and blood vessels, as well as a variety of additional vital organs. When cocaine enters the bloodstream, activation of the supportive neurological system generates heart-related changes in regular body function including blood pressure increases, heartbeat acceleration, and an improve in the amount of blood pumped by the heart in any given minute.

Signs of Cocaine Abuse

· Cocaine is a highly addictive substance. What starts off as seemingly harmless experimentation can easily become a potentially life-threatening habit.

· By recognising the symptoms of cocaine misuse, you can get your loved one the help they need before a habit takes hold.

· According to the scientists, cocaine may damage in stomach area, difficulty breathing, pressure, palpitations, dizziness, nausea and heavy sweating and unless a doctor knows what they are dealing with, the standard therapy for heart attacks such as beta-blockers and clot-busting cocaine, could be given with tragic results if the individual has been using cocaine.

· Cocaine improves blood pressure levels which in turn can improve the possibility of bleeding into the brain if the individual is given clot-busting drugs; beta-blockers can cause greater blood pressure levels and constricted arteries in individuals who have used cocaine.

· Experts say in a portion of customer’s cocaine can actually cause cardiac arrest.

· Cocaine-related chest pain in stomach area usually occurs within three-times of using the cocaine, but the cocaine can stay in the body for at least 18 times and proceed to cause issues.

· The new guidelines say cocaine customers with chest pain in stomach area should be monitored in an observation unit for nine to 12 hours.

While only about 1 % to 6 % of patients with cocaine-associated chest pain actually have a cardiac arrest, physicians maintain it is important for anyone with chest pain in stomach area to get checked out.

Cocaine Abuse Treatment and House Remedies

· First and foremost, the cocaine abuser must quit using the cocaine and other cocaine that accompany its use. Not many problems of cocaine use may perhaps be treatable at your home. The most frequent problems are psychiatric in nature.

· Anxiety, light agitation, hunger loss, insomnia, irritability, light panic disorder, light depression, and light headaches could probably be handled at your home by avoiding the use of the cocaine and observing the user.

· Runny noses, nose blockage, and brief nosebleeds can be also be cared for you at your home by avoiding the cocaine, helping the humidity of the air breathed in with hookahs and humidifiers, and direct nose pressure for 10 minutes to end the nosebleed. Implement a topical antibiotic such as bacitracin or petroleum jelly to help with the drying and crusting. Avoid nose picking.

· The chronic coughing chest pain of black non-bloody phlegm may perhaps be treatable again by cessation of cocaine smoking and other cocaine such as cigarettes or marijuana. Over-the-counter coughing medicines containing the ingredient guaifenesin, the active compound in Robitussin, plus improved water drinking may help.

· IV cocaine customers who proceed to use cocaine may lower their exposure to communicable illnesses and disease by not reusing or sharing needles. Cleansing the skin properly prior to the injection also decreases the possibility of disease.

How to Avoid Cocaine Abuse

Prevention should start early in the preadolescent years for all kids but particularly for those who are in danger. This consists of kids in families with a history of any addiction such as alcohol addiction and cocaine misuse. However simplistic the concept, teaching youngsters to say “no” to using cigarettes, liquor, and cocaine is an excellent protection tool. If we can keep your kids and our generations to come from the gateway drugs of nicotine, liquor, and marijuana, then we may be able to avoid the escalation to harder drugs such as cocaine and other

People between the ages of 18 and 45 are particularly susceptible to a cocaine-induced heart attack, according to a study published in 2007 in the journal “Clinical Medicine & Research.” These hazards connect with all cocaine customers in this age group, whether or not they have a previous record of heart- or blood vessel-related health issues.

Prevention of Heart Disease and Stroke

Introduction.

Conventional and unorthodox doctors unanimously agree that foods such as seafood, fruits, vegetables, green tea, nuts, grains, legumes, onions, ginger, hot pepper, garlic, olive oil, alcohol in moderation, foods high in Vitamin C, E and beta-carotene preserve the arteries and prevent heart disease and stroke. Meats and dairy foods high in saturated fat, excessive alcohol and smoking, on the other hand, could damage arteries and the heart.

Indeed, simply eating meals that include all ingredients known to individually prevent heart disease could add years to life. According to an international group of experts’ calculations, if men aged 50 and older added almonds, garlic and other heart disease-fighting ingredients to their daily diets, they might increase their life expectancy by more than six years, and spend more time free of heart disease.

Among women, following the same recipe after age 50 could add almost five extra years of life, the authors’ report in the British Medical Journal.

They call their recommendation diet the ‘Poly-meal,’ playing off the ‘Polypill’ idea, which received substantial attention, on the idea of giving everyone a combination pill to prevent heart disease. The ‘Poly-meal’ contains those ingredients that research has consistently shown can decrease the risk of heart disease.

The menu includes wine, fish, dark chocolate, fruits, vegetables, garlic and almonds. All ingredients must be consumed daily in the recommended amounts, except for fish, which research suggests should be eaten four times per week.

Also, eating beans, including soya beans, kidney bean and chickpeas, has been shown to actually help lower cholesterol levels and improve heart health.

1. What is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a type of fat (lipid) in one’s blood. More so, one’s cell, as well as one’s body, makes all it needs. Cholesterol also can get from the food we eat.

If there are too much of cholesterol in the body. It starts to build up in one’s arteries (Arteries are the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart). This is called atherosclerosis or arteries hardening. This is where some heart and blood flow problems started.

The arteries can be narrowed through this buildup and make it harder for blood to flow through them. The buildup can also lead to dangerous blood clots and inflammation that can cause heart attacks and strokes.

Many things can affect cholesterol levels, including:

i. The food one does eat. Eating too much-saturated fat, Trans fat and cholesterol can raise one’s cholesterol.

ii. Being overweight. This may lower HDL (“Good”) cholesterol.

iii. Being inactive. Not exercising may lower HDL (“good”) cholesterol.

iv. Age. Cholesterol starts to rise after age 20.

v. Family history. If family members have or had high cholesterol, you may also have it.

There are different types of cholesterol:

i. Low-Density Lipo-Protein Cholesterol. is the “bad” cholesterol. It’s the type that can raise the risk of heart disease, heart attack and stroke.

ii. High-Density Lipo-Protein Cholesterol is the “good” cholesterol. It’s the type that is linked to a lower risk of heart disease, heart attack and stroke.

2. High-Density Lipo-Protein Cholesterol and Low-Density Lipo-Protein Cholesterol.

The University of Western Ontario in London, Researchers found that flavonoids and limonoids present in orange juice increases the body’s HDL cholesterol (so-called ‘good’ cholesterol) level, which helps wash out the Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (‘the bad’ cholesterol) from the system. Other citrus juices, such as grapefruit, also contain this bio-chemical. Orange juice is also a good source of Vitamin C.

Researchers also suggest that drinking three glasses of orange juice a day increases the ‘good’ High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and lowers the chance of getting heart disease.

In this study, patients with high cholesterol began by drinking one glass of orange juice daily for four weeks, eventually consuming three glasses daily for four weeks. The patients that did not drink any juice for five weeks and had their cholesterol tested again.

The results showed that while LDL cholesterol did not go down, the average HDL cholesterol level rose by 21 percent and the ratio of HDL to total cholesterol decreased by 16 percent. The combination of raising HDL cholesterol and lowering the ratio is known to reduce the risk of heart disease.

Researchers from Cedars-Sinai Medical Centre say beans increase blood levels of phytoestrogens or plant estrogens in women. According to Dr Bairey Merz. “A very significant relationship between increased phytoestrogen levels and lower cholesterol, this is the results of this study.”

There also may be “positive associations” with phytoestrogens and hormone replacement therapy for women during and after menopause.

3. Changes in diet and lifestyle have been shown to significantly reduce the risk of heart disease.

The next challenge is whether the same benefits can be obtained by taking supplement capsules instead of eating beans themselves. Other studies show that artificial forms produce less positive results. This probably means people should be eating beans as opposed taking supplements in capsule form.

Even modest changes in diet and lifestyle have been shown to significantly reduce the risk of heart disease.

In general, eating foods low in cholesterol, saturated fat and salt and taking vitamins and supplements or eating foods containing the essential vitamins and minerals is recommended.

Nutritionists also recommend eating oily fishes for better heart health. Fatty acids in fish contain Omega 3 that was shown to be effective in preventing heart diseases. Fish oil has been discovered some years ago by scientists to contain a kind of polyunsaturated oil that may be especially protective against heart attacks.

Indeed, scientists studying the health of different world population noticed an especially low incidence of coronary heart disease among the Eskimos of Greenland and Japanese people living in fishing villages on the sea. Though widely separated geographically, these two populations had at least one thing in common. Both groups consume the tremendous amount of fatty fish, fish oil, whale blubber and other marine life that fed on fish.

The scientists report that at first, their healthy hearts seemed incongruous since very high levels of fat in the diet-regardless of the source of that fat are considered a risk factor for heart disease.

Further studies revealed that both the maritime Japanese and Eskimos had the low level of triglycerides (a kind of blood fat), high levels of HDL cholesterol and reduced tendency for their blood to clot. All these things are classic signs suggesting a sound, healthy cardiovascular system.

Digging deeper the researchers found that the fish-loving people also had high levels of a class of fatty acid called Omega-3 fatty acids also known as Docosa Hexaenoic Acid (DHA), which comes from fish.

Cold-water fish such as salmon, mackerel, and herring are reportedly the richest sources of beneficial omega-3 fatty acids, but most other fish and seafood contain some as well. Dutch researchers found that those who eat fish regularly have a lower rate of heart disease and stroke than those who do not.

4. Garlic, Ginger prevents the oxidation of LDL cholesterol and heart attack.

Many studies indicate that garlic prevents the oxidation of LDL cholesterol, may prevent the liver from producing excess fat and cholesterol.

Based on one study, by adding to a fatty as little as two ounces of garlic juice, the cholesterol-laden meal was found to actually lower the cholesterol by up to seven percent. Another study found that a day 600-mg of garlic powder could push the total cholesterol down by some 10 percent. According to other research that corroborated these findings reporting that LDL cholesterol while raising the HDL (“good”) cholesterol can be lowered by garlic

Eating three cloves of garlic a day keeps the cholesterol down for extended periods. It is reported that because garlic contains ajoene and other substances, it also helps to keep the blood “thin” and free of potentially deadly blood clots.

Ayurvedic physicians suggest that eating a little bit of ginger every day will help to prevent the heart attack. It reduces cholesterol. It prevents blood clots and reduces blood pressure. Therefore for a healthy heart, ginger is an important herb

Ginger’s heart-helping attributes are reportedly similar to that of garlic. Ginger has been shown to interfere with the long sequence of events necessary for blood clots to form. This reportedly helps to prevent clots that can lodge in narrowed coronary arteries and set off a heart attack.

5. An increase in intake in the number of servings of fruits and vegetables per day decrease in stroke risk and heart attack.

Onions have been shown to contain adenosine and other ‘blood thinners’ that help to prevent the formation of blood clots. To thin the blood, onions reportedly help keep the coronary arteries open and clear by increasing the HDL. Eating half a raw onion every day has been shown to increase HDL by 20 to 30 percent.

In a study of 87,000 nurses conducted by Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard University, compared with those who ate one serving a month or less, subjects who ate five or more servings of carrots every week had a 68-percent lower risk of suffering stroke. Carrots are rich in beta-carotene and other carotenoids, all members of the vitamin A family. Eating a lot of fruits and veggies that are rich in beta-carotene and vitamin C and E, can reduce the risk of having the stroke by as much as 54 percent if they enjoy carrots often.

Cayenne pepper improves circulation and heart function without raising blood pressure according to recent studies. It also enhances the power of other herbs taken at the same time.

The bromelain the enzyme that present in Pineapple is best known for its ability to break down proteins. It is a key ingredient in meat tenderizers. The bromelain action of anti-clotting might help prevent ischemic stroke and heart attack.

A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association shows that fruits and vegetables are beneficial in combating stroke. It was conducted at Harvard’s School of Public Health where investigators studied the relationship between fruit intake and the rate of stroke in over 75,000 women.

There is a decrease in stroke risk in those who had an increase in intake in the number of servings of fruits and vegetables per day.

More so, the same Journal of the America Medical Association revealed that eating whole grain bread can drop stroke risk by 43 percent. Dr Simin Liu of Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. The USA conducted a study that followed the health and stroke frequency of nurses over a multi-year period. The dietary concern has been paid attention to and intake of whole grain bread. Liu said, “replacing refined grains with whole grains by even one serving a day may have significant benefits in reducing the risk of ischemic stroke’. The study concludes, “With a lower risk of ischemic stroke among women higher intake of whole grain foods was associated with this.”

Conclusion.

Nearly all legumes contain genistein, a cancer-preventive nutrient. I addition to guarding against cancer, genistein is also reported to have a significant anti-clotting effect. So, it is believed that it may also help prevent ischemic stroke and heart attack. Genistein according to reports can also be obtained from tofu and soy products. English peas or other beans and legumes.

Green tea has been shown to help keep blood pressure under control. It also may help keep cholesterol from clogging arteries. The herb tea reportedly contains Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) and other substances that help in the body protection against the dangers of oxidation, while helping to keep the harmful LDL cholesterol down and the helpful HDL cholesterol up. According to reports, they also assist in keeping blood pressure under control.

Aspirin and Your Heart

Aspirin is an anti-inflammatory and anti-platelet drug, and is used to treat pain, fever, blood clots, heart disease, heart attacks, and strokes. Aspirin has been proven to prevent heart attacks and strokes, especially in men over fifty. Your doctor will advise you which dosage is best for you. It is typically 81 mg or 325 mg by mouth once a day.

The benefits of taking aspirin daily include if you:
Have had a heart attack or chest pain
Had open heart surgery
Had coronary angioplasty (a procedure where a balloon is inserted to open blocked arteries and veins of your heart)
Had a stroke or TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack)
Have peripheral vascular disease (PVD)
Have heart rhythm problems, such as atrial fibrillation (A.Fib)

Risks of taking aspirin every day include minor bleeding or bruising, worsening of asthma, upset stomach, or allergic reaction. Children should not be given aspirin due to the risk of Reye’s syndrome (rapidly progressive brain dysfunction). Contraindications for use of aspirin include allergies to NSAID’s (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), peptic ulcers, GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disorder) or gastritis, hemophilia, kidney disease, and gout. Make sure your doctor is aware if you are taking more than one blood thinner, such as Plavix, or Ibuprofen.

There are 2 forms of aspirin you can take. Please ask your doctor which is the best one for you. The first type is called non-enteric coated. This means the aspirin does not have a protective coating that keeps your stomach from being upset, but is best to take when having active chest pain. This type comes in a chewable form. The enteric coated aspirin has the protective covering that keeps your stomach safe. This type cannot be chewed or crushed. Do not take any aspirin with alcohol as it increases chance of bleeding and stomach distress.

Signs of heart attack may include chest pain, left arm, jaw, or shoulder pain, or upper abdominal symptoms, such as, pain, or nausea. Stoke symptoms include one sided weakness, confusion, slurred speech, and facial drooping. If you think you are having a heart attack, call 911 first, the operator might ask you to take the aspirin. If you think you are having a stroke do Not take an aspirin. Strokes can be caused by bleeding in the brain, and aspirin can worsen the bleeding.

Please seek immediate medical attention if you have an allergic reaction, stools are black or bloody, vomit or cough up blood, there if blood is in your urine or you feel shortness of breath.